ORGANIC HOPS Humulus lupulus
Humulus lupulus, the common hop or hops, is a species of flowering plant in the hemp family Cannabaceae, native to Europe, western Asia and North America. It is a perennial, herbaceous climbing plant which sends up new shoots in early spring and dies back to a cold-hardy rhizome in autumn. It is dioecious (separate male and female plants).
Hops are sometimes described as bine plants rather than vines because they have stiff downward facing hairs that provide stability and allow them to climb. These shoots allow H. lupulus to grow anywhere from 4.6 to 6.1 metres (15 to 20 ft). Hops have fragrant, wind-pollinated flowers hat attract butterflies!
Humulus lupulus is a perennial herbaceous plant up to 10 meters tall, living up to 20 years. It has simple leaves with 3-5 deep lobes that can be opposite or alternate. The staminate (male) flowers do not have petals, while the pistillate (female) flowers’ petals completely cover the fruit. The cones found on female plants are called strobili. The fruit of H. lupulus is an achene, meaning that the fruit is dry and does not split open at maturity.
Humulus lupulus grows best in full sun with moderate amounts of rainfall. It uses the longer summer days as a cue for when to flower, which is usually around July/ August.
Humulus lupulus can cause dermatitis to some who handle them. It is estimated that about 1 in 30 people are affected by this.
Hardiness zones: 4-8
Seeds per pack: 5
Germination: Place the seeds on the surface of the soil, and gently press in. Do not fully cover the seeds as light aids germination. Keep warm an moist until germination, and then place in a bright or sunny location. Once plants are large enough to handle they can be planted outdoors.