PEYOTE CACTUS Lophophora williamsii ***Canada addresses only***
Peyote (Lophophora williamsii) is a species of cactus found only on limestone soils of the Chihuahuan desert of southern Texas and northern Mexico.
The peyote is a small, spineless cactus with psychoactive alkaloids, particularly mescaline. It flowers from March to May, and sometimes as late as September. The flowers are pink, with thigmotactic anthers (like Opuntia).
The various species of the genus Lophophora grow low to the ground and they often form groups with numerous, crowded shoots. The blue-green, yellow-green or sometimes reddish-green shoots are mostly flattened spheres with sunken shoot tips. They can reach heights of 2 to 7 centimeters (0.79 to 2.76 in) and diameters of 4 to 12 cm (1.6 to 4.7 in). Spines are absent. Flowers open during the day, are from 1 to 2.4 cm long, and reach a diameter from 1 to 2.2 cm.
Caution poison: Ornamental use only. Hallucination, agitation, tachycardia, mydriasis, hypertension and vomiting. Most poisoning occurred after ingestion of the plant or its decoction.
Seeds per pack: 10
Germination: Fill small pots with compost mix, and soak the compost using boiling water to kill parasites. Allow to drain and cool for about an hour. Sprinkle seeds evenly over the compost mix. Cover the pots with plastic, or place in a clear ziplock bag. Place in a well lit window but not in direct sunlight. Temperature should reach above 80(26 degrees C) to 110(43 degrees C) degrees F during the day, and must dip below 80 at night for best germination results. If seed trays begin to dry out, spray to moisten the surface. Seeds should germinate within 4 to 20 days. When seedlings are about four months old begin acclimatizing by opening the bag to reduce moisture. Keep seedlings in indirect sunlight for about six months. The plants should have a lush green color. If they appear to turn red it means they are getting too much light.