PINK PLUMERIA Plumeria rubra frangipani

PINK PLUMERIA Plumeria rubra frangipani

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Plumeria rubra is originally native to Mexico, Central America, Colombia and Venezuela. It has been widely cultivated in subtropical and tropical climates worldwide and is a popular garden and park plant, as well as being used in temples and cemeteries. It grows as a spreading tree to 7–8 m (23–26 ft) high and wide, and is flushed with fragrant pink flowers, with yellow in the center. The flowers give off their fragrance in the morning and in the evening. This fragrance is similar to that of rose, citrus, and cinnamon. The flowers are 5–7.5 cm (2–3 in) in diameter, and only rarely go on to produce seed - 20-60 winged seeds are contained in a 17.5 cm (7 in) pod.

This latex found in the stem of the plants is in fact toxic, but not deadly unless present in large quantities. The large green leaves can reach 30 to 50 cm (12 to 20 in) long.

P. rubra generally inhabits hot and rocky areas with dry to moderate rainfall. They can survive in locations with prominent dry seasons, where they can flower on the bare branches, or in more humid conditions, where they can remain evergreen. It can also be found in rocky forests, mountain slopes, and even occasionally on plains or savannas.

The species is cultivated around the world in subtropical and tropical climates. In Australia, it is widely seen in cultivation in Sydney and Perth and warmer frost free climates northwards. In the mainland United States, it tolerates USDA hardiness zones 10B to 11 (southern coastal California and the southern tip of Florida). It is also grown in Hawaii to an altitude of 2000 m. They tolerate a wide variety of soils, from acid to alkaline and sandy to clay. These plants grow best in dry to medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun and will bloom throughout most of the year in tropical areas.

Plumeria rubra is an important crop in Hawaii, with over 14 million flowers sold to be used in leis there in 2005.

In temperate areas P. rubra must be grown under glass, in a large conservatory or similar, as it does not tolerate temperatures below 10 °C (50 °F). However it may be placed outside in a sheltered sunny spot during the summer months. In the United Kingdom it has gained the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit.

The USDA Forestry Service lists Plumeria rubra as a poisonous plant and warns against touching or eating any part of the plant.

Plumeria rubra is the national flower of Nicaragua, where it is known under the local name "sacuanjoche". It is also the village flower of Asan-Maina on Guam.

Seeds per pack: 5

Germination: Your planting container should have holes in the bottom for excess water to drain. Use a sterile seed-start mix, with 50% sand. Place the seeds just barely under the surface of your growing medium. Keep warm. Seeds germinate in about 14-21 days.


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