WHITE GODDESS CALLA LILY Arum zantedeschia aethiopica

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Zantedeschia aethiopica (Calla Lily) is a rhizomatous herbaceous perennial plant, evergreen where rainfall and temperatures are adequate, deciduous where there is a dry season. Its preferred habitat is in streams and ponds or on the banks. It grows to 0.6–1 m (2.0–3.3 ft) tall, with large clumps of broad, arrow shaped dark green leaves up to 45 cm (18 in) long. The inflorescences are large and are produced in spring, summer and autumn, with a pure white spathe up to 25 cm (9.8 in) and a yellow spadix up to 90 mm (3 1⁄2 in) long. The spadix produces a faint, sweet fragrance.

Calla Lily is native to southern Africa, specifically Lesotho, Mozambique, South Africa, and Swaziland. It has naturalised in Kenya, Madeira, Malawi, Tanzania, Zambia, coastal California and Australia, particularly in Western Australia.

Calla Lily is the national flower of the island nation of Saint Helena, where it grows widely. Further, it is an important symbol of Irish republicanism and nationalism since 1926, because it is used to commemorate the dead of Easter 1916 and onward.

Calla Lily contains calcium oxalate, and ingestion of the raw plant may cause a severe burning sensation and swelling of lips, tongue, and throat; stomach pain and diarrhea may occur.

Type: Perennial

Hardiness zones: 8-11

Exposure: Sun or shade

Seeds per pack: 3

Germination: These seeds are easy to germinate. Place the seeds on the surface of the soil, and water in. Do not bury the seeds as they require light to germinate. Keep continually moist until germination. Seeds will each germinate at different times, generally ranging from 4 to 12 weeks.

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