WINGED PASSION FLOWER VINE Passiflora alata

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Passiflora alata, is known as the winged-stem passion flower, ouvaca, red star, fragrant grenadilla, and maracuja de refresco. It is an evergreen vine, growing to 6 m (20 ft) or more. It is native to the Amazon, from Peru to eastern Brazil.

The fragrant flower is 7–10 cm (3–4 in) wide, with red curved tepals, and a prominent fringed corona in bands of purple and white giving the appearance of stripes. It usually blooms around late summer or early fall, needing full sun exposure. P. alata attracts bees, butterflies and birds.

The solitary fruit is highly prized by local people. It is egg-shaped, yellow to bright orange, 8–15 cm (3–6 in) long and 5–10 cm (2–4 in) in diameter. It weighs from 90–300 g (3–11 oz).

In temperate zones P. alata is usually cultivated indoors, though it can also be grown outside in areas where the temperature does not fall below 5 °C (41 °F). It has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.

Hardiness zones: 10-11

Type: Climbing Vine

Location: Sun or part sun

Note: Parts of this plant are poisonous. Only the ripe orange-yellow fruits should be eaten.

Seeds per pack: 5

Germination: Lightly rub the hard seed coat with sandpaper to help water pernitrate. Soak seeds in water for 24 hours before planting. Place seeds just below the soil surface, and place the container is a warm location 21-29C (72-85F). Cover the pot with clear plastic to help retain moisture. Germination can occur within 4 weeks to 6 months. Keep warm, as cool soils will significantly delay seed germination time if not inhibit germination altogether. Standard room temperature can be too cool for proper germination. Once seedlings sprout, remove the plastic, and place the pot in a sunny location.


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