Rosa rugosa (rugosa rose, beach rose, Japanese rose, or Ramanas rose) is a species of rose native to eastern Asia, in northeastern China, Japan, Korea and southeastern Siberia, where it grows on the coast, often on sand dunes. It should not be confused with Rosa multiflora, which is also known as "Japanese rose". The Latin word "rugosa" means "wrinkled."
Rosa rugosa is widely used as an ornamental plant. It has been introduced to numerous areas of Europe and North America. It has many common names, several of which refer to the fruit's resemblance to a tomato, including beach tomato or sea tomato; others include saltspray rose, beach rose, potato rose and Turkestan rose. In parts of the US the fruits are also occasionally called beach plums, causing confusion with the plant properly bearing that name, Prunus maritima.
The sweetly scented flowers are used to make pot-pourri in Japan and China, where it has been cultivated for about a thousand years.
It has considerable resistance to the diseases rose rust and rose black spot. It is also extremely tolerant of seaside salt spray and storms, commonly being the first shrub in from the coast. It is widely used in landscaping, being relatively tough and trouble-free. Needing little maintenance, it is suitable for planting in large numbers; its salt-tolerance makes it useful for planting beside roads which need deicing with salt regularly.
Flowers are commonly dark pink, though can also be a dark purple-pink, light-pink, or white. The hips are large, 2–3 cm diameter, and often shorter than their diameter.
Type: Shrub rose
Height: Up to 1.5 meters (4-5 feet)
Location: Sun or part sun
Hardiness zones: 3-9
Safe: Considered non-toxic to children and people! This is our research, though we still suggest you confirm this yourself.
Seeds per pack: 10
Germination: Your planting container should have holes in the bottom for excess water to drain. Place the seeds just under the surface of your growing medium, and flatten the surface. Place your container in a cold area (but not freezing, perhaps a refrigerator) for 4-6 weeks, and then place at room temperature to germinate. Once seedlings emerge, place the pot in a sunny place, or under bright grow lights.